Archive for the ‘ Ubuntu ’ Category

Specify directory with spaces in /etc/fstab

If you want to add a filesystem to mount in /etc/fstab you need to use the octal ASCII value which is \040. In my case I have created a separate filesystem for VMware virtual machines:

/dev/mapper/vmwarefs  /var/lib/vmware/Virtual\040Machines ext3 defaults 1 1

If you have any other special characters which are causing problems you can check with

man ascii

for the value you need to specify.

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FOG .29 & .32 My Windows 7 Guide (32/64 Bit) DocV1


OK so lots of people including me have been having issues with Windows7 deployment using FOG (This guide covers versions .29/.32) I spend two days on this due to conflicting information on the FOG website/support forum. Although I found everyone very helpful !!

It would be good for you to read this all before you start your image (I recommend the virtual box idea)


So this is the settings that worked for me A-Z and some things I found out on the way…

Basic overall of this document

Step One - Installing Windows
Step Two - Using Sysprep
Step Tree - Cleaning PC for Deployment
Step Four - Upload Settings

Something to think about!
Your possible Questions

Step One – Install / Make Ready Windows 7 (32/64 Bit)

1. Install Windows7 (32Bit/64Bit) from CD,
2. Allow windows to create the 100MB partition.
3. Use the rest of the disk for the C, Don't have any other partitions
4. Complete Install, bla bla bla
5. Name the PC and create the first user. for this document call it "admin"

At this point personally I would enable the administrator account in windows > set password > login as administrator > can use the enabled administrator account from now on. (leave the admin account where it is, we will use it later)

So if you did my step or not your at the Windows 7 desktop as an administrator

6. Install All Required software
7. Install All Updates
8. Install Drivers ( If not doing in sysprep) - I just do it now.
9. Install FOG Service (Don't bother to start service now)
Base build "ready"

Step Two – Sysprep
you only need to create a sysprep unattend.xml file if you want your install to finish at a “login stage” instead of a “manual complete Windows install stage” – I recommend using an unattend.xml
On another machine download and install Automated Installation Kit (AIK) for Windows® 7
Important Note: I’m told If you are building a 32bit image then you will need to install and configure on a 32-bit OS, Same for the 64-Bit. But it’s easy to convert a x32bit XML into a x64Bit XML file or the other way around. just changing all “x86” records in the XML to “x64” will make a 32-bit XML into a x64 bit XML.

For more help with making the sysprep document I would read this for idea’s. I did not do the audit mode section. I Just created the XML file.

I have another good video source  Link to Video | Link to site
Below is a basic outline of what I did with sysprep.Download my unattend.xml (usable)
Important Note: I have removed passwords from my unattend.xml, so you need to edit.

1. Set Owner Information
2. Enable the administrator account and set password
3. Skip Activation
4. Hide License Info
5. Protect PC = 1 (basic protection)
6. Network Location = Work
7. Hide Wireless Setup
8. Set Language to UK
9. Show Windows Live = false

10. Skip Rearm = 1
This allows you to run sysprep more than 3 times on a machine, but i would recommend NOT using it.

11. copyprofile=true
copy profile will copy the administrator profile on sysprep and make it the default for any new user login. could be handy (i will use)

Important Note: Please note SkipReam & KMS
copy the finished unattend.xml to the “system32\sysprep” folder – keep a backup

Step Three – Cleaning PC for Deployment
So at this point we have a PC with windows7(32/64Bit) loaded with all your software , updates and settings ready. You should also have a unattend.xml file in the correct location.

I would recommend

1. Disable UAC
2. Disable System Restore
3. Disable Firewall
4. Disable Windows Updates
5. Disable Any software updates (e.g adobe updates)
6. Empty Recycle Bin
7. Clean Temp Folders
8. Clear Windows Update Uninstaller Files
9. Defrag C
10. Chkdsk C
11. Clear Event Logs

== Run below commands to clear Event Logs via Command Prompt
wevtutil cl Application
wevtutil cl Security
wevtutil cl Setup
wevtutil cl System

Please follow this link for the FOG guide to a clean system (for more idea’s)

My last cleanup action is to clean the “administrator” profile

1. Login as that admin account we setup & left. 
2. Take a copy of the "administrator" profile as a backup.
3. Go into system settings & Manage user profiles section & then delete the administrator account data.
Then Log back in as administrator and setup the last tweaks like use small icons, show run command etc….

Step Four – Upload Settings
OK, so almost done.
On your image you need to run sysprep regardless of creating the unattended file.

MEGA WARNING: If your not using the SkipRearm in your unattend.xml you will be locked out of using sysprep after 3 preps. but i would recommend not using SkipRearm. Use Virtual Box to undo the sysprep once uploaded (snapshots).

1. Open Command Prompt
2. type "cd c:\windows\system32\sysprep"

3. sysprep /generalize /oobe /shutdown /unattend:unattend.xml

======= OR =======

3. sysprep /generalize /oobe /shutdown

The PC will complete it’s task and shutdown. Leave it there.
Now on the FOG server complete the following:

1. Create a new Image
2. Name it etc...
3. Select Windows 7
4. Select NTFS Single Partition from the list.
5. Assign the Image to the computer and Start an Upload Job.

Boot the PC and boot to PXE to upload image.  All done and now you can deploy..

Something to think about!

1. IMAGE CONTROL - I said that sysprep only lets you run 3 times before it's unusable. This is true, but instead of saving to another drive or something. I have downloaded VirtualBox and created my master image as a virtual PC. This works fine. I went with VirtualBox because it's free and i lets you take snapshots. So just before you run sysprep you take a snapshot. Once uploaded you just undo the snapshot and your ready to modify again. You can also export your image at any snapshot point to backup as a single file. VirtualBox runs on windows and Linux. You will need to download the expansion pack so you can the PXE feature. This has to be the best way of keeping your image safe and sysprep free. (oh and you can jump back to an old snapshot if your last image update failed for some reason) - TESTED AND CONFIRM WORKING

2.FINISHING UP - So I use FOG to add my PC's to the domain. All well and good but when it's finished the PC is left at login (don't want to use auto off idle settings in fog), anyway in my unattend.xml I added a command to add some domain login details to auto login. So once FOG has rebooted the PC twice to get it on the domain, the PC will login and run another script I have placed. The PC locks so no one can play with it. This script then runs any installs I need to run after (e.g Anti-Virus Agent), then removes the auto login details and shuts down. This is simple to do. If you interested let me know and i'll give you a hand and the script I have made.

3.COPY PROFILE - Some software leaves information in your profile. I was finding that domain users logging into a new image for the first time was taking a long time. I then found the profile size was 600MB. So evey time a new user is created the PC has to make a 600MB profile for them, this takes time. (2 mins) So remember to clean the administrator profile before you image; if you use the copy profile function in then unattend.xml. Now my administrator/default profile is only 20MB (20 Sec first login)


1. Sysprep can only be run 3 times on a Windows 7 install if the SkipRearm is not used.

2. Sysprep disables the default Administrator account so if you use, you need to enable in the unattend.xml

3. in the unattend.xml I set PC-name as * --This means windows will pick a random name, this is fine because FOG will rename it for you.

4. my unattend.xml has no passwords so you need to edit them using the software or notepad (software best)

5. Once you have deployed the image the unattend.xml is still on the machine with import info like passwords etc.. (c:\windows\system32\sysprep & c:\windows\panther\) DELETE THEM

6. If your thinking of using a Virtual Environment for your master image, It has been reported FOG doesn't like scsi controller settings. Select IDE as your Virtual HDD connector - Not personally confirmed.

7. If you are using KMS or planning on using a KMS server, don't use the skiprearm. (so set it to 0). Now if you have this on and your using KMS, Your KMS server will think all the hosts are the same host. We got out of this jam by making the change & then deploying 25 hosts. All our other machines kicked in as they all thought they where host 26.

8. You still have another "admin" account on your image that you don't needs. A) delete it before upload. B) Use GPO to remove account on deployment. (i use option B)

Let me know if there is anything you would like to add !

Your possible Questions

Do I need to use Sysprep? I’ll put it another way, I spent two days trying to make it work without sysprep and then as soon as i used it, it worked. For a test you could sysprep without anser file just to check it will deploy OK. once tested and OK, then create unattend.xml

Set Image Type to Vista? Again I tried but did not need it once I completed as above. It didn’t work when i tried vista and no sysprep.

What about Fogprep? I didn’t run it. I did try using it but it didn’t seem to do anything that sysprep didn’t do. Frogprep’s main use is to delete all records from the registry key “[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\MountedDevices]”. You could run it before sysprep if you wished, I just don’t see it’s use.

Did you try running the following as people say do?
bcdedit /set {bootmgr} device boot
bcdedit /set {default} device boot
bcdedit /set {default} osdevice boot

I did try them but the didn’t seem to help or hinder…

Did I Need to install NETDOM? Nope, Versions above .28 do not need it. The FOG service does it.


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Fix Grub inside a root.disk wubi configuration


Upgrading Wubi systems from 10.04 LTS is known to fail, and is not recommended at this time. 

(Bug Report 653134)

If you have already upgraded and find that the system reboots, hangs or drops you at a grub prompt when selecting Ubuntu (with or without error messages), then first try to replace the c:\wubildr file from the one in c:\ubuntu\winboot\wubildr (change ‘drive’ if necessary and backup c:\wubildr first as a precaution). This fix has been confirmed by many different people, as it appears that in many cases the upgrade is corrupting the wubildr file.

Otherwise another workaround is to boot a live CD, loop mount the wubi root.disk, edit the grub.cfg (gksu gedit /mountpoint/boot/grub/grub.cfg) and remove all lines above the first “menuentry”.

If you get a read-only error on grub.cfg, then either use vi or nano, or before running gedit first run:
sudo chmod +w /mountpoint/boot/grub/grub.cfg
Note: if you install kernel updates, new kernels, remove kernels, run update-grub etc. you’ll have to reapply the workaround as grub.cfg is regenerated automatically. It’s easier to do this before you reboot (or you’ll have to use the live CD again).

I am working on completing testing for this but so far it works on 10.04.1 and 10.10 which all are affected by the same issue.…0&postcount=78
You still need to boot the wubi before applying the permanent fix.

Last edited by bcbc; November 30th, 2010 at 05:23 AM.. Reason: added link to permanent fix


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How can I access my Wubi root.disk data

Boot the Ubuntu Desktop CD, or another LiveCD, then mount the windows partition:

sudo mkdir /win
sudo mount /dev/sda1 /win

Replace sda1 with the appropriate device (a = disk, 1 = partition number), then mount the virtual disk therein

sudo mkdir /vdisk
sudo mount -o loop /win/ubuntu/disks/root.disk /vdisk

Now the content of the virtual disk will be visible under /vdisk. 7.04 users will have to install ntfs-3g first and specify it as fstype to gain r/w access.

To check the filesystem you can use:

sudo fsck /win/ubuntu/disks/root.disk


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Mount Windows Shares Permanently Ubuntu 10.4

Make ubuntu 10.4 have icons for SMB network folders on the desktop when available.

MountWindowsSharesPermanently.PDF.ZIP – Site download


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Ubuntu 10.4 VPNC Cisco Connection

  • Install vpnc Client
    sudo apt-get install vpnc
  • sudo create file in “/etc/vpnc/” called “*something*.conf” <- creating config file

edit file and place information

IPSec gateway
IPSec ID GroupID
IPSec secret GroupPassword
Xauth username VPNUsername
Xauth password VPNPassword

  • sudo vpnc-connect *something* <- e.g if file was work.conf then sudo vpnc-connect work
  • sudo vpnc-disconnect <- Disconnect from VPN

Not needed, but SCRIPT login/logout:

  • create file on desktop called “
  • place below script in file and amend connection string.

echo “You Sure you want to connect to
read var_1
sudo vpnc-connect *something*
echo -n “Please ENTER again to disconnect”
read var_2
sudo vpnc-disconnect
echo “VPN has been disconnected”
read var_3

  • Run terminal & navigate to location of
  • Type “chmod 777” <- Make script executable
  • click “” from desktop and select run in terminal

Links I used when doing this.

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Ubuntu 10.4 Handbrake

  1. Add handbrake PPA to your Ubuntu system
  2. Install handbrake from apt-get
  3. Add MediaUbuntu to your System
  4. Install libdvdcss from apt-get
  5. Complete it.

Chat From someone helping with Install. (IRC

hello people, I have ubuntu 10.4 – I have added the PPA, now what.
how do i  make sure i download the HB from the correct PPA?
you added the ppa to your software sources?
then you should see the packages ‘handbrake-gtk’ and ‘handbrake-cli’ in ubuntus package manager
How can I tell what PPA they come from?
OK, I have them .  I thought they where there before I did the PPA?  is that possible?
kv102t: apt-cache showpkg handbrake-gtk
kv102t: only possible if you had another ppa installed that has them.  they are not in the official ubuntu repository
Ok, i only had the ubuntu PPA so i must have got confused..
Thanks J45 –  One more question, Do you know of any DVD’s that HB can’t copy? Protected??
i’ve not run into any myself that it flat out fails on. but there’s one that i know of that it does a very poor job of. The german version of ‘The Walker’ it completely skips the first couple minutes of the movie.
some ugly copy protection scheme that makes the first couple minutes of the movie part of the dvd menus instead of putting it in a title set.
strange, But 99% of the time the Quality is good.  I’ll give HB a go. K9Copy didn’t work very well. !

Just installed HB on ubuntu 10.4  Seems to work, but film (Die Hard 3) is green/white/other squares.
preview looks OK, anyone ??
kv102t: have you install libdvdcss?  you need it.  can be obtained from the medibuntu repository.
no. not yet.  Would this cause the issue of preview OK, but RIP error ?
i put libdvdcss into SynapticPM, can’t see anything like libdvdcss
you have to add the medibuntu repository.  google, follow the directions they give for adding the repo
Ah, no.  i’ll have a go now..

Sorry, can’t find instructions for ubuntu 10.4 – If you could, could you ponit a noob in the direction..

ok, looks to be added to repos.  Still searched for libdvdcss and didb’t seem to get anything new. (did update)
do have “Commonly used restricted packages for Ubuntu” & “library for reading DVDs”
2ns is already installed..
Oh, did a refresh again and now there is a libdvdcss-dev  so I guess it’s that.
there should be libdvdcss as well, without -dev
from the terminal, try ‘

sudo apt-get install libdvdcss

or ‘apt-cache search libdvdcss’
came back with: >> libdvdcss2 is already the newest version
and :>> selecting libdvdcss2 instead of libdvdcss
hmm, so you do have it installed already.  will need to see an activity log of the problem encode to get more info.
I didn’t let the film complete, would that matter?
shouldn’t matter.  logs are all saved to files.  ~/.config/ghb/EncodeLogs
ok, one possibility is that the region code of your drive is not set.  some drives will not reliably read any disc if it’s not set.  for drives that work well, a few discs will still give problems.

is it this line >> libdvdread: Encrypted DVD support unavailable.
there’s a program called regionset that will set the region.   Your disc is region 2.  However you want to set the region once and never change it.  Drives typically have a limit of 5 times you are allowed to change the region.
so if you are going to encode discs from other regions, you might want to consider getting another external drive.
hmm, silly me
i didn’t look for the dvdcss message. i assumed you had it since apt-get says you do
Umm, just DVD’s from the UK.
try removing and re-installing dvdcss
sudo apt-get remove libdvdcss2
sudo apt-get install libdvdcss2
Do i need to the region thing
fix dvdcss before screwing with the region.  you may be ok without changing it
ok, just reinstalling now
ok, done.  Should i try ripping first few seconds again.
OK, give me 5 and i’ll have some results.
are you running a 32 or 64 bit version of ubuntu?
I do have a 64-bit CPU.
so you should be able to find the file /usr/lib/
you can open the activity window to see if it found dvdcss while it’s running.
no location found
libdvdread: Using libdvdcss version 1.2.10 for DVD access
that sounds better
i’ve got to go.  good luck.
libdvdnav: Unable to find map file ‘/home/kyle/.dvdnav/’
OK thank mate!
map file thing is nothing. ignore.
OK, thanks again.
Yes, Done
Working, Thanks BUD !!

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Useful Ubuntu Commands

A list of usful commands.

  • gksudo nautilus (opens file browser as admin)
  • sudo -i (open a sudo terminal)
  • apt-get update (get apt-get uptodate)
  • apt-get install nautilus-gksu (Open folder as root)
  • apt-get install compizconfig-settings-manager (Extra cool graphics)
  • apt-get install x11vnc (VNC for linux, nice to have remote desktop viewer on reverse)
  • apt-get install xrdp (xRDP application)
  • apt-get install ddclient ( updater)
  • apt-get install hplip-gui (GUI HP Printer Tools)
  • dpkg -l | grep ii >file.txt (Get a list of software installed and put into file |grep not required)
  • Image Resizer
  • Install SSH
  • Batch Image Editor
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